There were many social classes in feudal japan that had different roles in japanese society.
Peasant (hyakushō; 百姓) Edit
was a social class that emerged in Japan during the early years of theTokugawa period.The majority of chōnin were merchants, but some were craftsmen, as well. By the late 1600s the production rate of chōnin heavily changed the economy of the Tokugawa social order, where the chōnin were "theoretically" at the bottom of the the Edo Hiearchy (, samurai-farmers-craftsmen-merchants, with chōnin encompassing the two latter groups), flourished socially and economically at the expense of the daimyo and samurai, who were eager to trade rice for consumer goods. Chōnindō was introduced to the japanese peoples as an inspiration towards bushidō.
Honbyakushō(本百姓)- Type of peasant in feudal Japan. They were the actual owners of farmland in villages, and it fell to them to pay taxes for the village. However, this also made them very active in village government.
Following the middle of the Edo Period, honbyakushō were also called takamochi-hyakushō (高持百姓).